n Journal for Contemporary History - Civil society as defence policy formulator : for real or token partner?

Volume 29, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



It is a truism that civil-military relations as a descriptive term or as a subdiscipline of sociology are often utilised only in already democratised states. Prior to transition to democracy the term in its conventional sense seems to have limited application.1 In democracies a basic conception developed that the existence of military forces requires the necessary institutions for the political and democratic control of such armed forces.

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