n Journal for Contemporary History - Ten years of democracy and the return of bad times : studying security, strategic and military affairs in South Africa

Volume 29, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



The first decade of democracy in South Africa was relatively peaceful. Like most new democracies, there was a vast array of problems that the first democratic government had to deal with. Very few, if any, of these problems were military in nature. South Africa did not face any significant traditional direct threat from either the international or domestic environment. Political, security and strategic thought and approaches tended to be idealistic in nature.

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