Journal for Contemporary History - Volume 30, Issue 1, 2005
Volume 30, Issue 1, 2005
The U.S.'s global war on terror : can the U.S. simultaneously fight terror and safeguard democracy? The case of the PhilippinesSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 1 –24 (2005)More Less
Scholars commonly agree that terrorism, fundamentalism and fanaticism today pose the gravest threat both to the system of states as a whole, and to groups and individuals within the state. The actions of these groups are not always confined to a specific state, and even where it appears to be, the possibility exists that the group will extend its actions beyond the borders of the state and destabilise the region in the process. Groups have a global reach, consequently states will have to cooperate to counter this threat. The challenge to the international community in this context is to find a way to employ counter-terrorist strategies without undermining the sovereignty of individual states.This article will discuss the counter-terrorist cooperation between two states, the Philippines and the United States of America (U.S.), within the boundaries of the Philippines, and assess the impact that cooperation will have on Philippine democracy.
"In the twilight of the Azanian revolution". Leadership diversity and its impact on the PAC during the exile period (1962-1990)Author K.K.M. KondloSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 25 –43 (2005)More Less
During the exile period (1960-1990) the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) of Azania was an organis ation continuously in a state of crisis. The crisis in the PAC was a result of internal squabbles which were a manifestation of the crisis of leadership. With Robert Sobukwe under house arrest and banishment inside South Africa, the organisation lacked a uniting symbolic figure at the helm.
Afrikanernasionalisme in die sakewêreld : 'n verenigde front? Die verhouding tussen Afrikanersakeondernemings in die noorde en in die suide, 1934-1950Author Grietjie VerhoefSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 44 –64 (2005)More Less
In this article the two different directions in which economic mobilisation in South Africa developed from the middle of 1930 to the end of 1940 are investigated. Attention is focused on the course of events from the establishment of Volkskas by Afrikaners in the north in 1934 to that of Trust Bank, with the Cape as basis, during the early 1950s. Studying business units and the business philosophy of the management of certain large enterprises, provides a much more nuanced view of businessmen and, with respect to Afrikaner concerns, of the varied nature of the thinking and orientation of Afrikaner businessmen, than ascribing differences merely to class clashes. This article highlights such nuances.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 65 –84 (2005)More Less
Zwingle, quoted in Bertelsmann-Scott (2000:14), views globalisation as a reality, not a choice. Such a description of globalisation as an irreversible fact of life is an attempt to show that any critical analysis of this process should be made with a view that no state can escape the process of globalisation and its manifestations and equally so, no region can afford to be left behind.
"Staying within hearing distance" : Max du Preez, Schalk Pienaar and the Afrikaans press in the apartheid eraAuthor F.A. MoutonSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 85 –102 (2005)More Less
Max du Preez, the abrasive former editor of the Vrye Weekblad, is not known forpulling his punches. This is evident in his memoirs Pale native in which hecastigates the Afrikaans press, especially the editors of the Nasionale Pers for theiralleged lapdog attitude towards the National Party (NP). Du Preez accuses theseeditors of knowingly allowing the government to mislead their readers about theinequities of apartheid. He also holds them responsible for the shock and horrorAfrikaners felt when the real face of the successive apartheid governments wasrevealed before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC).
Author Andre WesselsSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 103 –118 (2005)More Less
In this, the second of two articles that deal with the history of the South African National Defence Force in the first ten years of its existence (1994 to 2004), the track record of the SANDF is critically analysed in an effort to find answers to questions like: How successful has the SANDF been? What problems had to be overcome? To what extent have the challenges been met? In the course of the article reference is, inter alia, made to allegations of racism, problems with regard to discipline, the impact that HIV / AIDS has on the SANDF, rationalisation, the controversial arms deal, and the role played by the SANDF in peace-keeping operations (including its involvement in Lesotho, 1998-2000).
Author Pieter KappSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 119 –136 (2005)More Less
The dialogue between the present and the past as represented in the various forms of experience of historical writing, indicates that the present and its requirements form a part of the historian's activities. This is the case even where studies ostensibly deliberately try to avoid any appearance of involvement in actuality. This is being illustrated by the Department of History of the University of Stellenbosch. There was a perception that this department, that celebrated its centenary in 2004, regarded the idea of contemporary history to be incompatable with scientific historiography. Contrary to this perception contemporary or actual history formed an integral part of the activities of the is department since early days, although not always acknowledged. The result was a kind of ambivalence in the study of history at the University of Stellenbosch, which is treated in this article.
Paul Kruger en die toekoms : romantiek en verligting in die verstaan van die Suid-Afrikaanse verledeAuthor Johann W.N. TempelhoffSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 137 –155 (2005)More Less
SJP (Paul) Kruger (1825-1904) is still regarded as an outstanding figure in the popular South African historical consciousness. Different people have different conceptions of him. This discussion is based on the viewpoint that Kruger embodied the system of values in existence, also in South Africa, during the romanticism of the early nineteenth century. His philosophy of life was opposed to the ideas of the Enlightenment. More nuanced terms of expression and an exploration of certain future perspectives are put forward in order to create an understanding of Kruger and his times.
The entwined tale of Inkie Hoyi, Washington Bongco, Donald Card, and a 'core group' of MK operatives - a foray into political intimidation and violence in Duncan Village 1959-1964Author C. ThomasSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 156 –177 (2005)More Less
The years 1959 through 1964 constituted a turning point in South African political life. The apartheid state had, with the Promotion of Bantu Self Government Act of 1959, started the march towards creating self-governing Bantustans. In 1960, black people suffered the Sharpeville massacre and the banning of the people's organizations, most notably the African National Congress (ANC) and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC).
Author Pierre HugoSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 178 –181 (2005)More Less
In hierdie boek lewer Jaap Steyn 'n aangrypende beeld van een van die legendariese rolspelers in die Afrikaanse perswese. Dit ly geen twyfel dat Steyn weereens 'n belangrike bydrae tot ons politieke geskiedenis verskaf het nie. 'n Behoorlike begrip van die politieke dinamika en strominge in die jare 1945 tot 1977 sal doodeenvoudig nie sonder kennismaking met Steyn se boek bereik kan word nie.