n Journal for Contemporary History - "In the twilight of the Azanian revolution". Leadership diversity and its impact on the PAC during the exile period (1962-1990)

Volume 30, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



During the exile period (1960-1990) the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) of Azania was an organis ation continuously in a state of crisis. The crisis in the PAC was a result of internal squabbles which were a manifestation of the crisis of leadership. With Robert Sobukwe under house arrest and banishment inside South Africa, the organisation lacked a uniting symbolic figure at the helm.

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