Journal for Contemporary History - Volume 30, Issue 2, 2005
Volume 30, Issue 2, 2005
Author P. De KlerkSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 1 –18 (2005)More Less
During the last fifty years a large number of scholarly publications appeared in which the possible influence of the German ideology of National Socialism on the South African policy of apartheid is briefly or, in some cases, extensively discussed. The majority of these publications argue that there was no direct link between National Socialism and apartheid, but there are a significant number of scholars who maintain that National Socialism as a variant of Fascism had an important influence on apartheid. Some of these scholars take a Marxist theory of Fascism as their point of departure and their views have been largely discredited. The arguments of some recent authors, however, are still taken seriously in academic circles. The aim of the article is to provide a survey of the main views about the relationship between apartheid and National Socialism, and to identify dominant trends and key questions. It is concluded that scholars who claim that the influence of the National Socialist ideology on South African political leaders in the period before and during the Second World War resulted in the authoritarian practices which characterised the implementation of apartheid have not done sufficient historical research to substantiate their arguments.
Race and ethnicity in the teaching of history : challenges to history educators in the new dispensationAuthor Chitja TwalaSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 19 –36 (2005)More Less
A frequent complaint of those familiar with the teaching of history in high schools is that the subject is too often taught as content and not often as process. Teaching history mainly as content seems to be abetted by the popular notion that 'history' is a body of information recorded in the past and brought into the present. This approach makes history to be vulnerable of teaching it with influences of race and ethnicity, whether consciously or unconsciously.
Author J. HaasbroekSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 37 –50 (2005)More Less
In 1913 an advisory body2 comprising elected black leaders from the various wards in the black townships, and functioning as an official municipal institution, was inaugurated in Bloemfontein. Thus Bloemfontein became one of the first cities to establish such an advisory body and in the process broke new ground in regard to this aspect of local government.
Author Constanze BauerSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 51 –68 (2005)More Less
This article, dealing with corruption during the first decade of democracy in South Africa (1994-2004), will focus on the presence of corruption in central government as pertaining to the abuse of either an office or position of authority, resulting in improper enrichment to oneself and for others. Corruption is derived from the Latin word "corruptus", which means corrupt, involving images of evil. Corruption has been and is still prevalent in the public sector of South Africa.
Author S.M. BinzaSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 69 –87 (2005)More Less
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act 108 of 1996), Section 151 provides for the establishment of the local government sphere as a distinctive sphere of government closest to the people it democratically governs, a sphere of government which is interdependent and interrelated with the provincial and national spheres of government. The Local Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998 (Act 117 of 1998), as amended, provides for the establish-ment of local government in accordance with the requirements relating to categories and types of municipalities to be in line with the vision of democratic and developmental local government.
Author Philippe DenisSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 88 –100 (2005)More Less
Oral history as a technique for historical documentation was initiated in the North. It has been recognised as an academic discipline in the United States, England, Germany, Spain and Canada for more than half a century. But it is as relevant in developing countries, as was shown by the number of delegates from the South at the thirteenth conference of the International Oral History Society in Rome in June 2004. Oral history has been practised in South Africa since the late 1970s.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 101 –123 (2005)More Less
Oral history is as old as history itself, and constitutes an early branch of historical research. It is a dynamic and creative field, which involves collecting memories and personal commentaries of historical significance by means of recorded interviews. Recordings of the interview are transcribed, indexed and then placed in an archive or library. What is captured by oral history is a segment of human experience in the context of a remembered past, a dynamic present and an unknown, open-ended future. In the process, oral history becomes a link between the immediate present and the immediate past. Oral history involves using an easily understandable and very natural method to gather information through relaxed conversations based on well-planned questions, in order to determine why, how and through what things came to pass. As such, oral history as a source thus becomes a challenge and an adventure in searching for historical evidence, with both opportunities and limita-tions.
Author Anna-Karin EvaldssonSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 124 –142 (2005)More Less
Peace and development are concepts with deep historical roots and there are a large number of perspectives with regard to their definition, causes, desirability and attainability. In this article an attempt will be made to outline briefly the historical development of ideas about the nature of the relationship between peace and development. Four basic relationships can be distinguished, namely (a) peace promotes development, (b) peace harms development, (c) development promotes peace, and (d) development harms peace.
Revisiting the stance of the left-wing liberation movement prior to the April 1994 general election in South Africa : its impact on the future prospects of these movementsSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 143 –162 (2005)More Less
In order to discuss the stance of the left-wing groups prior to the 27 April 1994 democratic election, one must begin with a great riddle. The statements of the left-wing liberation movements over the three decades before the 1994 election warrant this kind of a research.
Die Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag se reddingspoging van die passasiers vanaf die luukse plesierboot Oceanos : 'n menslike dramaAuthor Leo BarnardSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 163 –179 (2005)More Less
The rescue operation of the South African Defence Force and in particular the Air Force to retrieve 219 passengers from the passenger liner, The Oceanos, remains one of the most successful rescue operations ever undertaken. Despite many negative factors, the Air Force and other rescue services of the South African Defence Force, helped to rescue hundreds of lives. This article undertakes to answer the question why a 39 year old luxury ship was abandoned by its captain, why hundreds of castaway passengers were left to fend for themselves and what heroic deeds of the Air Force led to the rescue of more than 200 people from the stricken liner.
Duikbote in die Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot : die eerste fase, 1970-2003. 'n Kort historiese evaluering (1) : agtergrondAuthor Andre WesselsSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 180 –194 (2005)More Less
In November 1998 it was announced that the South African Navy (SAN) would acquire three new submarines as part of an elaborate arms procurement plan. Questions were asked in many quarters with regard to the high cost involved, allegations of corruption with regard to the tendering process were made, and in particular the question was asked whether South Africa really needed submarines. In this, the first of two articles, the purpose and value of submarines to the SAN (and South Africa) will be placed in historical perspective by analysing the history of the first submarine class to be commissioned and deployed by the SAN, namely the three "Daphné" class submarines that saw service from 1970 to 2003: SAS Maria van Riebeeck, SAS Emily Hobhouse, and SAS Johanna van der Merwe, respectively renamed SAS Spear, SAS Umkhonto and SAS Assegaai in 1999.