Journal for Contemporary History - Volume 30, Issue 3, 2005
Volume 30, Issue 3, 2005
Die andersdenkende Afrikaners in die Nasionale Party as die voorlopers in die aftakeling van apartheid, 1949-1966Author Annie Helena Van WykSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 1 –15 (2005)More Less
The establishment of a democratic South Africa in 1994 was the result of many events that took place over a period of forty-five years during which some Afrikaners in the National Party (NP) changed their political direction. Dissentient Afrikaner nationalists, who since 1949 expressed their dissatisfaction with the policy of apartheid, set the tone for the subsequent era of enlightened political thought in 1966 when the 'Verligtes' in the NP came into existence. The 'verligte' influence in the NP caused many reforms of the apartheid policy to be implemented which ultimately led to the establishment of a democratic South Africa in 1994.
Botha's Babylon and the big brawl : reflections on the way that the regime of PW Botha viewed the international anti-apartheid campaignAuthor Jan-Ad StemmetSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 16 –35 (2005)More Less
During the early 1980s violent political conflict erupted across South Africa. The violence soon developed a dynamism, which seemed irrevocable as it hammered on with unprecedented intensity. Centering mainly around those forces in favour of the political status quo and those against it, apartheid's violent crisis quickly caught the eyes and ears of the world.
Uncle Sam : imperial bully or hegemon boss? A conceptual distinction between American empire and hegemonyAuthor Albert SchoemanSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 36 –54 (2005)More Less
Over the last few years, and especially since the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001 in the United States, an intense and controversial new debate is raging within the context of the globalised world. In the aftermath of these attacks, George W Bush launched a crusade against terrorism aptly christened the 'War on Terror'. American attacks on Afghanistan (with wide-ranging support from both the Western and non-Western world) and especially the war in Iraq (with far less support) have stimulated and given new urgency to the debate about 'American imperialism.'
'n Popperiaanse perspektief op die oop samelewingspraktyk van die ANC-regering in die "nuwe Suid-Afrika"Author Albert VenterSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 55 –75 (2005)More Less
In this article Popper's science philosphy and its bearing on his views on open and closed societies are briefly discussed. This is followed by gauging the post-1994 political dispensation in South Africa against Popper's criteria concerning the openness and closeness of societies. Finally the author reflects on the question whether the practice of governance in South Africa leads - or has led - to a new closeness in society.
Arms acquisition and procurement in South Africa : the socio-history of arms deals with reference to attitudes, strengths and limitations in decision-making (1935-1994)Source: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 76 –91 (2005)More Less
In focussing on arms procurement this article will deal with the strengths and weaknesses of national decision-making behaviour around arms acquisition and procurement over the past seven decades. The ways in which these processes may have impacted on optimal or sub-optimal analysis in decision-making structures within procurement processes over the past decades are addressed.
Duikbote in die Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot : die eerste fase, 1970-2003. 'n Kort historiese evaluering (2) : van die ou na die nuwe Suid-AfrikaSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 92 –108 (2005)More Less
In the first part of this study, a review was given of the development of submarines, the South African government's decision to acquire submarines for the South African Navy (SAN), the building of three submarines for the SAN, and the delivery cruise of these three submarines to South Africa. In this, the second article, a review is given of the role SAS Maria van Riebeeck (later renamed SAS Spear), SAS Emily Hobhouse (Umkhonto) and SAS Johanna van der Merwe (Assegaai) played in the SAN in the years of growing isolation (1972-7), almost total isolation (1978-93) and in the service of the new South Africa (1994-2003). As in the previous article, the place and role of submarines in the SAN will be evaluated against the background of the political situation in South Africa and the international context, with special reference to the Cold War and the post-Cold War era.
The demon of factionalism in an African National Congress (ANC)-led Free State Province (1994-2004) : a reality?Author Chitja TwalaSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 109 –131 (2005)More Less
In the second five years of governance of the ANC in South Africa, almost all ANC-led provinces experienced leadership problems. There were escalating inter-nal conflicts over the direct involvement of President Thabo Mbeki in the appoint-ment of the provincial premiers; power struggles within the party; the role of ethnicity and culture; ideological differences within the party and the continuous transformation from a freedom movement towards a political party.
Author Anna-Karin EvaldssonSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 132 –152 (2005)More Less
There is no universal recipe for dealing with traumatic events of the past. Nevertheless, there is a range of various responses that can be used in the wake of violent conflict in order to deal with the past and to promote goals such as reconciliation, the healing of trauma, the creation of a sense of justice and the consolidation of democracy and peace. These responses include, for example, prosecutions, truth commissions, reparations, amnesty, lustration, and the opening of secret police files.
Author Tania CoetzeeSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 153 –168 (2005)More Less
The transformation process in South Africa brought about fundamental changes, especially in the area of inter-governmental relationship. Responsibilities, functions and powers of the three spheres of government (central, provincial and local) were changed and streamlined as put forward in the Constitution of South Africa Act 108 of 1996. The relationship between the different spheres of government must be seen against the background of the new democratic dispensation. Furthermore, the principle of co-operation between the different spheres of government emphasizes the dependency and interaction between theses spheres. The question that arises over a decade of democracy in South Africa is whether the constitutional dispensation and specifically the principle of co-operative government is successful. What are the challenges facing co-operative government? In this article the emphasis will fall on problems that relate to co-operative government and the challenges that need to be addressed by the central, provincial and local government.
Author Pieter CoetzerSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 169 –182 (2005)More Less
Shortly after the ANC had taken over the reigns in 1994 a major stud on crime was conducted by the Human Source Research Council (HSRC). According to them crime was regarded as South Africa's worst problem and they warned that if the government did not get in check within the last three years of the century the RSA would sink as a country. In this report they covered the increase in violent crimes from 1980 to 1995.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 183 –198 (2005)More Less
Between 1940 and 1960 there was a succession of bitter territorial conflicts be-tween peasants and the authorities in the African reserves of South Africa. During this period the state played an increasingly interventionist role in the countryside. The reserves were needed for new economic and political functions, and a series of attempts were made to restructure them accordingly. In the process, established social relationships were disrupted whilst conflict between these communities and the government became increasingly more commonplace.
Die optredes van die Bloemfontein Stadskommando vanaf sy stigting in 1848 tot die neerlegging van sy vaandel in 2005Author Annette StraussSource: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 199 –221 (2005)More Less
In this article the phenomenon of commandos, their roll and utilisation and the way they came into being in South Africa, the Free State and Bloemfontein are discussed. The history, utilisation and ultimate disbandment of the Bloemfontein City Commando are depicted. There were times of intense action but also long periods of inactivity.
Source: Journal for Contemporary History 30, pp 222 –241 (2005)More Less
Much has been written about South Africa's role during World War II, with special reference to the role played by the Union Defence Forces (UDF) in Abyssinia (today Ethiopia), North Africa and Italy, but the country's role in the struggle against Japan has not received much attention. For four years the Union of South Africa was indeed officially at war with Japan. Sixty years after the conflict ended, it is the purpose of this article to shed some light on South Africa's role in the war against Japan (1941-5), in an effort to identify the implications for South Africa (both military and on the home front) of Japan's entry into the war; and to ascertain the extent and nature of South Africa's contribution to the Allied war effort in the bloody struggle against Nippon. The state of the UDF in December 1941 and developments on the South African home front (1941-5) are discussed, as well as the Madagascar campaign, the Japanese submarine campaign in the Indian Ocean, and the role played by South African naval vessels in the Far East.