n Journal for Contemporary History - The incorporation of Botshabelo into the former Qwaqwa homeland : a logical consequence of the apartheid system?

Volume 31, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



South Africa becoming a democratic country in 1994 saved Botshabelo, a town-ship 55 kilometers from Bloemfontein, from incorporation into the former home-land of Qwaqwa. Qwaqwa was formely the Witsieshoek reserve in the eastern part of the Free State Province. Two tribal authorities were established in the area while it was still a reserve in 1953, but later these tribal authorities became known as regional authorities in 1962.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error