n Journal for Contemporary History - Vrees as faktor in die regse blanke politiek in Suid-Afrika tydens die tweede dekade van die apartheidsera, 1958-1969

Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



In the years 1958 to 1969 the National Party (NP) consolidated its position, as it continued to implement its policy of apartheid. These years are dominated by the premiership of Dr HF Verwoerd (1958-1966), but also by fears: on the one hand the fears generated by events on the home front (in particular the confrontations at Sharpeville and in other so-called black townships in 1960, and the terror campaign launched by Umkhonto weSizwe (MK), the military wing of the African National Congress), as well as in other parts of Africa (in particular the violence that followed on the Belgian Congo's independence in 1960). These and other events strengthened the NP's position, as a growing number of English-speaking whites broke with the United Party and henceforth voted for the NP. However, the debate in Afrikaner ranks with regard to the way in which the future of white people had to be ensured, in due course led to polarization, and in 1969 some NP supporters broke away from the party and formed the country's first truly right-wing party, namely the Herstigte Nasionale Party (HNP).

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