n Journal for Contemporary History - ''Problems without passports'' - investigating failed states as a global terrorist threat

Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



The end of the Cold War not only brought about an end to the ideologically ''loaded'' and driven bipolar system, but also facilitated an optimistic period (with strong emphasis on economic and political freedom) which provided fertile ground in which globalisation could flourish. However, globalisation seemed to encourage ''integration'' amongst a minority of mainly developed states, whilst a majority of developing states became ''fragmented'' and marginalised in the process. As a result of this, ethnic, religious, economic and political tensions that seemed to be ''contained'' during the Cold War, resurfaced again. These tensions re-emphasised focus on what has recently been termed ''new security threats''. Picciotto et al. (2005:12) describe the latter as ''problems without passports'', highlighting the fact that these issues (including amongst others drug trafficking, refugee problems and specifically terrorism and state failure as the focus of the study), can no longer be contained within the borders of states but have become serious global concerns.

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