n Journal for Contemporary History - A view from Cuba : internationalists against apartheid

Volume 34, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2422
  • E-ISSN: 2415-0509



During the 1980s many events took place that were to change the course of history. In northeastern Europe the Berlin Wall crumbled in what many believed signalled the end, not only of the so-called Cold War, but also of the ideology and praxis of socialism and thus guaranteed final victory for "Western Civilisation" and capitalism. For a decade or more the world would turn towards a one-polar entity with the United States of America (USA) seemingly an indisputable force. In Latin America many authoritarian military regimes sponsored by the USA made room for social democratic rule. In the East the economies of India and China slowly but surely emerged as global factors and Japan became a noticeable military power among the highly industrialised states. Latin American states such as Brazil were preparing to enter the "top ten" economies in the world with the economy of the USA entering a gradual decline. Several transitions to "democracy", though slow and contradictory in nature, marked the African scene.

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