Criminal gangs continue to puzzle our elected officials and society seems powerless to do anything about them. Most efforts to combat gangs are directed at hiring more police officers and pass more laws that allow prosecutors and judges to send gangsters off to prison for longer periods of time.
There is a tendency amongst women who have experienced marital rape not to perceive themselves as victims. Explaining this, Russell (1975:71), who by means of her work, Politics of Rape (1975) gave prominence to the issue of marital rape, stated that it is difficult for a woman to perceive her husband as a rapist and still stay with him.
The following discussion probes the role of the forensic science(s) with regard to its important and everexpanding contribution to the investigation of crime, the successful prosecution of offenders as well as certain grave consequences that could follow from an overreliance on apparently powerful scientific evidence (Roberts 1994:469), with special reference to American and British practices.
June 16, 1976 was a watershed year in the struggle for liberation and democracy in the history of South Africa. The country was plunged into anarchy and chaos, because of the unilateral decision of the apartheid regime to impose the Afrikaans language as a compulsory medium of instruction on the majority African student population.
In the so-called contemporary world, observations show that antagonising and depressing relationships are being experienced among individuals and communities. These relationships have led people to believe that a single life-view should be followed and it seems that great pressures and demands are being placed on people. It would appear that people are not only increasingly lacking in respect with regard to other cultures that also lack an understanding of their own life-view.
In this article the term youthful victims refers specifically to street children in Pretoria and ex-street children now housed in two assessment centres called Itumeleng and Zipha situated Sunnyside, Pretoria. As a means of introduction and in order to sketch a broad perspective of the phenomenon under investigation the following background is outlined.
In the CONNEPP Discussion Document Towards a New Environmental Policy for South Africa, it is stated that nearly one tenth of all known species of plants in the world are found in South Africa. A great diversity of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and insects is also found here. This article presents a review of the nature and extent of the illegal trade in endangered spedes, with rhino horn as a relevant South African example.
Exploratory, descriptionptive and hypothesis-generating research was undertaken by the author to determine the perceptions of the community regarding female crime. The perceptions were surveyed with the aid of random sample. A questionnaire comprising 57 items and a 5-point Likert-type scale was used.
Within the framework of the Criminal Justice System, hereafter referred to as the (CJS), the victim of crime is totally marginalised. In the existing literature there is agreement that the victim should once again become the point of focus in the CJS.
""Postmodernism"" is a concept which often evokes vehement reaction and emotion in academics, even upon simply hearing the term mentioned. This reaction usually borders on the extreme: on the one hand there are the inveterate disciples; on the other hand, there is the view that postmodernism is mere hocus pocus, a bourgeois, escapist game. For the purpose of this article, therefore, the concept of ""postmodernism"" contains the application possibilities it may display within contemporary Criminology.
In its editorial preface, Acta Criminologica 1993, 6(3):5 invokes a certain degree of self-examination and assumes, therefore, a subject orientated introspection. From the majority of contributions to this edition it appears that Criminology makes the pleonastic presumption and leap to consider itself a science in its own right.
South Africa is in a process of transformation and uncertainty. The South African Police Services (SAPS) is in a process of transformation. The macro transformation as the stimulus affects the whole of society and everybody's life. As Haiman (1985:74) points out, ""Change and the need to adapt to change are facts of managerial life.