oa Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Crisis in Carceral City: American Correctional Services at the Cusp of the 21 st century

Volume 11, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



As other forms of institutionalisation decrease the prison is becoming increasingly identified as the central and dominant form of confinement. The punishment paradigm, with its emphasis upon increased use of prisons and greater penal austerity, has become the operative social response to reduce crime and increase public safety. The current incarceration solution for crime is comparable to approaches used in Victorian times (Simon 1993:207).

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