oa Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Crisis in Carceral City: American Correctional Services at the Cusp of the 21 st century
|Article Title||Crisis in Carceral City: American Correctional Services at the Cusp of the 21 st century|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 Center for Research in Law and Justice, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA|
|Publication Date||Jan 1998|
|Pages||85 - 96|
|Keyword(s)||Bureau of Justice Statistics, Inmate population, Law enforcement policies, Prison gangs activities, Prison programmes, Punitive segregation, Racial demographics, Recidivism, Tripolar prison and United States|
As other forms of institutionalisation decrease the prison is becoming increasingly identified as the central and dominant form of confinement. The punishment paradigm, with its emphasis upon increased use of prisons and greater penal austerity, has become the operative social response to reduce crime and increase public safety. The current incarceration solution for crime is comparable to approaches used in Victorian times (Simon 1993:207).
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