oa Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - The constitutional rights of prisoners with reference to access to courts
South Africa's correctional system was established in the nineteenth century during the expansion of colonial rule from the Cape to the modern boundaries of South Africa. In 1910 the Union of South Africa was established, joining together the four former provinces and in 1911 a consolidated Prisons and Reformatories Act was passed. This legislation was replaced in 1959 with the Prison Act, which was renamed the Correctional Services Act and amended many times and still forms the basis of South Africa's prison law today.
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