n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Prohibition, vigilantism and human rights violations : a South African experience

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With the spread of drug trafficking and drug use around the world there has been a concomitant profileration of counter-narcotic policies and programmes world-wide. Prohibition policies and programmes, after years of international crusading, continue to be justified on mainly social and medical grounds and the main "weapon" of these policies continues to be the criminal law. Whilst legislators and policy-makers remain committed to the argument that prohibition policy and regulations are designed to make dangerous human behaviour safe, South Africa, having adopted a pro-prohibition drug policy, has witnessed increased drug trafficking, drug consumption and production, and the rise of a right-wing vigilantism. In response to the 'drug epidemic', South Africa has responded swiftly with amendments to its legislation and the development of a grand master plan - to combat the problem all of which continue to be underpinned by a prohibitionist philosophy.


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