n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Characteristics of violent crime victims in an urban community, South Africa
|Article Title||Characteristics of violent crime victims in an urban community, South Africa|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Publication Date||Jan 2000|
|Pages||75 - 82|
In South Africa the violent death rate is 57 per 100 000 of the population per annum, nearly six times the US rate (Butchart 1996). From survey research high crime rates twice to four times as high as in the US have been reported in South Africa (Lotter 1992). Naud? (1998) found from a victimisation survey in Johannesburg that the following violent crimes were reported to the police: robbery (43 percent), sexual incidents (women only: 27,5 percent), and assault or threat (25,6 percent). Data from Human Sciences Research Council surveys (Glanz 1989: 45) show that the urban black respondents who reported crimes in 1981 reported that they, or a family member living with them, had suffered robbery with violence (8 percent); assault that caused pain and injury (20 percent); and rape (4 percent). Peltzer (2000) found from a study in a rural population in the Northern Province that 28 percent had experienced physical assault, 14 percent crime involving firearms, 12 percent murder of a relative or friend, 10 percent gender violence, and 10 percent (of the women) sexual abuse and rape.
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