n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Attitudes of male and female police officers towards the role of female police officers

Volume 13, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



The protection of individuals and property has been the responsibility of males throughout the ages. In the early civilisations the heads of families regulated the behaviour of their members. Later with the development of extended family systems and communities a male or a number of males were chosen to ensure the safety of the group. In other words, there was always a male at the head of the family or group and it was under the leadership of either the father (patria potestas), the familial patriarch (parens familiae) or the head of the community (parens comuniae) that strict behavioural codes were enforced (Brown, Esbensen & Geis 1998:177).

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error