n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Corruption in Southern Africa

Volume 14, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



Most of the research conducted on corruption in Africa over the past forty years has shown that it is one of the most important contributors to high levels of poverty and deprivation in the region (Mbaku 2000: 70). African countries depend on development assistance to pay for essential imports and essential domestic services. The development assistance received by Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe in 1994 for instance, amounted to more than ten percent of their Gross National Product (GNP) (Lichthelm 1997: 63). In general Africa is not regarded as an attractive location for direct foreign investment due to prevailing negative perceptions of civil unrest, crime, economic disorder, starvation and fatal diseases. The fact that the continent as a whole has not fared as well as other developing countries and that the region has fallen behind in virtually all crucial indicators (Maipose 2000: 87), is also discouraging. Due to economic stagnation and declining output, various African countries had negative average growth rates although this trend has been reversed since 1994, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (Prinsloo and Naudé 2000:40-448).

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