n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Impact of the dynamics of the reparations and rehabilitation committee of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on female victims

Volume 14, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



In South Africa, a system of separate development for different racial groups, known as apartheid, was established and implemented during the 1900s. Although conflicting views exist regarding the exact date, people generally accept that this system was embedded in law by Parliament after the 1948 election, which was won by the National Party (Liebenberg 1998:15). Subsequent to 1948 and up until the 1970s numerous laws that seriously affected people in their day-to-day living were promulgated. Separate facilities, separate group areas, racial classification, which prohibited sexual relations and various other forms of formal and informal contact between racial groups, existed. Dubow (1989:4) points out that over the years, race in South Africa became the key determinant of other social areas such as status and class. Whites as a racial group predominantly formed a strong middle-class group, enjoying honour, prestige as well as privileges afforded them by virtue of birth. However, there have always been middle-class black and especially Asian people as well as upper-class people of all races in South Africa.

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