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- Volume 14, Issue 2, 2001
Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Volume 14, Issue 2, 2001
Volumes & issues
Volume 14, Issue 2, 2001
Author J. PrinslooSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14 (2001)More Less
The South African Qualifications Act (58 of 1995) heralded profound changes in the field of education. In the light of the new educational requirements set out in the South African Qualifications Act and the Regulations, CRIMSA (The Criminological Society of South Africa) organised two workshops in 1999 inviting all criminology and criminal justice departments to participate and debate curriculum guidelines as to what should constitute a generic BA criminology programme in South Africa.
Author B. NaudeSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 2 –16 (2001)More Less
The South African Qualifications Act (58 of 1995) heralded many changes in the field of education and filled many academics with fear and trepidation while others regarded it as a wonderful challenge to enhance the development of learners and to improve the social and economic development of the country. This discussion will give an overview of the aims and objectives of the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) and its various bodies as set out in a number of SAQA publications, followed by a focus on national and international trends in criminology and criminal justice with a view to indicating some challenges for the future development of criminology in South Africa.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 17 –24 (2001)More Less
Students of Criminology have often been cautioned that careerwise they are facing a dead-end with little prospects of job opportunities. In a similar vein, Criminology as a subject has been regarded by some as mainly theoretical in nature with limited practical application. The latter accusation has been proved groundless as contemporary textbooks and updated syllabi indicate practical examples and constructive outcomes. To address career possibilities for Criminologists one should firstly determine the role of Criminologists in the Human Sciences, followed by the skills that have to be acquired to fulfil such a role in order to realise the contributions which Criminologists could make towards combatting crime.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 25 –41 (2001)More Less
An essential element of any effective justice system is the protection of child victims and child witnesses of crime. Where provision is not made for separate and specialised services for this vulnerable group, they may be further exposed to the negative effects of the criminal justice system or may even be (further) victimised by it.
In the early part of the 20th century most research on child witnesses had been conducted in Europe, especially in Germany and France. Little attention was paid to the phenomenon of child witnesses in the United States until the 1920s and even then only a few studies on the child witness were conducted prior to the 1980s (Institute for Psychological Therapies 1998). These studies show that although children in Canada, America and Great Britain were rarely permitted to testify, in some other European countries it was general practice. This led to research that dealt directly with children's court testimony. At the time the general conclusion was that (only) young children were suggestible and vulnerable to making serious errors in their court testimony (Ceci & Bruck; Goodman; Wakefield & Underwager in Institute for Psychological Therapies 1998).
Author J.G. MareeSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 42 –58 (2001)More Less
Decisions of South African courts and, indeed, of the South African parliament affect all psychologists. Career counselling professionals have to become knowledgeable regarding the legal aspects of career counselling. Ignorance of the law is not an excuse for unacceptable practices, which includes career counselling practices. The Employment Equity Bill, for instance, prohibits unfair discrimination of any kind whatsoever. The law is clear: psychological testing and other similar assessments of an employee are prohibited unless the test or assessment being used has been scientifically shown to be valid and reliable; can be applied fairly to all employees; and is not biased against any employee or group. Furthermore, the Ethical Code for Psychologists states that psychologists (should) avoid any action that may violate or diminish the legal and civil rights of clients. The question that now arises is: do certain aspects of career counselling, as it is currently practised in South Africa, respect the rights of children, including adolescents and/or youths, or are children's rights in some instances violated?
Author A. Van der HovenSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 59 –72 (2001)More Less
The deficiencies and limitations regarding the presentation of individual-oriented factors in current textbooks in Criminology were previously reviewed by the author (see Van der Hoven 2001:81-89). In order to broaden the perspective of individual-oriented factors contributing to criminal behaviour an integrated model was designed to explain the criminal event. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the application of the integrated model to explain the criminal event in a specific case study. Individual-oriented factors, milieu-oriented factors, as well as the victim, the crime and aftermath of the crime is incorporated in the proposed theoretical model. As point of departure, the author used the theoretical framework developed by Leslie Kennedy and Vincent Sacco (1996) and the term "criminal event" as conceptualised by these factors.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 73 –83 (2001)More Less
Author S. GarkaweSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 90 –99 (2001)More Less
Attitudes and beliefs of police officers towards witchcraft (boloi) and their intervention role in the Northern Province, South AfricaSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 100 –107 (2001)More Less
From January to June 1996 765 witchcraft-related crimes were reported to the police in the Northern Province (5.2 million population) and referred to charges of "pointing-out a person as a witch" with regard to arson, murder, attempted murder and public violence. Only a few arrests were made. Witchcraft is a priority crime in the Northern Province (SAPS 1997). Various reports indicate the increase of problems associated with witchcraft accusations, witch killings and muti (herbal medicine) killings in the region (Baholo 1994; Dolamo 1996; Evans 1991; Mogashoa 1987; Ralushai, Masingi, Madiba, Van den Heever, Mathiba & Mphaphuli 1996; Stadler 1996). Conflict exists between traditional and formal courts on witchcraft. The former acknowledges the existence of witchcraft and such people were tried and sentenced. After the introduction of the Witchcraft Suppression Act 3 of 1957 as amended by Act 50 of 1970, the powers of traditional courts were limited. However, witchcraft complaints are not acknowledged in the formal courts. Many people argue that this is the reason why people opt to take the law into their own hands by burning or evicting the alleged witches.
Author L. DavisSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 108 –116 (2001)More Less
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 117 –126 (2001)More Less
Although a number of books, scientific works and articles have been published on corrective supervision as a form of punishment, it could not be ascertained thus far whether research in South Africa was carried out about the effects that the correctional supervision of the male offender has on his spouse or partner.
The effect of cultural and demographic variables on the ethical behaviour of a group of managers in the financial sectorSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 14, pp 127 –134 (2001)More Less
Considering the diversity of the South African society and the considerable changes as well as challenges facing South African managers, ethical problems and the ways to address them are becoming some of the most important issues of the new millennium. One way of handling ethical issues among managers is to investigate the effect of cultural and demographic factors (these include gender, age, length of service, qualification, number of dependents, marital status and home language) on ethical behaviour. This should help employers to identify unethical behaviour among specific groups of people and plan for the management thereof.