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- Volume 15, Issue 2, 2002
Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Volume 15, Issue 2, 2002
Volumes & issues
Volume 15, Issue 2, 2002
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 1 –10 (2002)More Less
Until recently, surprisingly little comparative criminological research, and even less in the field of victimology was undertaken, despite the work of Naudé, Grobbelaar, Neser and Pretorius (1995); Mawby and Kirchoff (1996); Mawby (1998); Sanders (1999) and Van Dijk (2000). This paper is a report on one aspect of a small pilot study which aimed to contribute to this literature by comparing the provision of services for victims in two very different places.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 11 –18 (2002)More Less
The way in which criminology is 'practised' is open for continuous assessment. DiCristina (1995: xi) suggests that criminological inquiry is more than a question of logic and that questions of aesthetics and morality are just as important - especially since the boundaries separating logic, aesthetics and morality are often blurred. In DiCristina's (1995: xi) view some questions lead to pertinent questions that require serious reflection.
Role of the human resource management function in the development and implementation of an ethical corporate cultureAuthor E. Van ZylSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 19 –25 (2002)More Less
South Africa is characterised by rapidly escalating crime, lawlessness and the disruption of the social fibre of its communities (Lange 2000). According to Zuma (2000:7), fatalistic and unethical behaviour sifted into every sector of the South African society. Our lives as South Africans are based on deceit and our society has steadily become fundamentally corrupt. The South African business world, in particular, is to an increasing extent confronted by a lack of clearly established ethical norms in its commercial practices.
Author J.C. MubangiziSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 26 –34 (2002)More Less
Contrary to what many people think, prisoners do not shed all their rights at the prison gate. A prisoner is supposed to retain all the rights of a free citizen except those justifiably withdrawn by law, expressly or by implication, or those inconsistent with the legitimate penological objectives of the prison system (Goldberg and Others v Minister of Prisons 1979(1) SA 14(A): 40).
The United Nations standard minimum rules for the administration of juvenile justice applied in an African contextAuthor N. Jacobs-du PreezSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 35 –41 (2002)More Less
For many years the detention of children generated concern amongst human rights activists. International bodies, such as the United Nations, took responsibility to draw up guidelines according to which the rights of children should be protected. These rights include the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules on Juvenile Justice, also known as the "Beijing Rules". Owing to the vulnerability of the youth, the topic of juvenile justice is, time and again, resurrected to appear on criminal justice agendas.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 42 –46 (2002)More Less
Over the past five years the Government of South Africa has sought to transform itself into an effective and efficient instrument of fairness and accountability as far as the treatment of offenders is concerned. The high rate of crime has also prompted the Government to identify Crime Prevention as one of its priorities. Recent trends have shown that young people are both perpetrators and victims of crime.
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 47 –54 (2002)More Less
Child prostitution is a worldwide phenomenon (Labuschagné 1995:1; O'Connor 2000:3). In South Africa the exploitation of children for the purposes of prostitution and pornography is a growing industry. The lives of thousands of children are destroyed in this way (Cole & Theron 1994:107; De Bruin 2000:10; Smit 1996:5). In this regard Du Plessis (1996:75,97) states that child prostitution has increased considerably in Johannesburg while Davids (2000:1) is of the opinion that approximately 28 000 child prostitutes are operating in South Africa.
Author D.L. KgosimoreSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 69 –76 (2002)More Less
Crime has been identified as one of the major problems confronting the new democracy in post-apartheid South Africa. In order to deal with this problem effectively, the new government adopted a blueprint against crime in the form of the National Crime Prevention Strategy (the NCPS) in 1996. The overall intention of the government was to create a society in which individuals could live in peace and safety, free from fear of crime and violence.
Author K. PeltzerSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 77 –82 (2002)More Less
A National Demographic and Health Survey in South Africa (Department of Health 1999) found that four percent of all women reported having been raped at some time or other. Jewkes, Penn-Kekana, Levin, Ratsaka and Schrieber (2001) found in a prevalence study on the emotional, physical and sexual abuse of women in three South African Provinces that 4.5 to 7.2 percent had been raped at some or other stage of their lives.
Author N. OlivierSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 83 –92 (2002)More Less
"Probably the most exciting, as I view it, of the new techniques emerging for the criminal investigator is the DNA identification technology. Through a genetic pattern-matching process, criminals can now be identified positively by comparing evidence from a crime scene - that is blood, body fluids, or sometimes a single hair - with that of a suspect." (William Sessions, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 93 –101 (2002)More Less
The private security industry is one of the fastest growing economic sectors in South Africa. At the beginning of 1999 there were 350 000 registered private security guards of whom 147 000 were active in the industry and it is estimated that there are two security guards for every member of the South African Police Service (SAPS). The Council for Security Officials has identified 412 firms as cash-in-transit business undertakings which are involved with the transfer and protection of cash (Irish 1999:3).
Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 102 –109 (2002)More Less
The South African Constitution changed the face of law in the country when it introduced a Bill of Rights into South African legislation for the very first time (Terblance 1999:12). This Bill of Rights forms the cornerstone of democracy in South Africa. It enshrines the rights of all people in this country and affirms the democratic values of human dignity, equality and freedom.
Performance of female police officers in a male dominated environment : replacing myths with realityAuthor C. BezuidenhoutSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 110 –118 (2002)More Less
The first appointment of women within police services occurred abroad a little more than a hundred years ago. Although a woman was used for the first time in 1845 to do work for the police, the actual appointment of women as police officials was not considered until the late 1890s. The tasks of these first "police women" merely consisted of carrying out domestic tasks and to be involved with work of an administrative nature.
The South African private security industry : its phenomenal growth and current efforts to regulate the industryAuthor K. PillaySource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 119 –131 (2002)More Less
It is generally believed that the inclusion of a security policy in the future business plans of trade and industry is an internationally established practice aimed at overcoming the threat against profitability. Across the globe crime remains the single largest threat to society and South Africa is by no means an exception. This is a threat which not only endangers profitability but may also cause the collapse of an economic system.
Developments pertaining to the legal excuse of justifiable homicide in South Africa : Section 49 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977Source: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 132 –140 (2002)More Less
Author A. LadikosSource: Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology 15, pp 141 –146 (2002)More Less
The word "corruption" may carry a multitude of meanings such as the following: to destroy; to ruin; to falsify; to turn from a sound into an unsound impure condition; to make rotten; to render morally unsound; to pervert; to induce one to act dishonestly or unfaithfully; to make venal; to cause someone changed from the naturally sound condition; the destruction or spoiling of anything; the perversion of anything from an original state of purity; moral deterioration; depravity; putrefaction. Corruption once had a much broader meaning than it does today.