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n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Prevalence of traumatic events and post-traumatic stress symptoms among taxi drivers and passengers in South Africa
The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of traumatic events and posttraumatic stress symptoms among taxi drivers and passengers in South Africa.
The sample consisted of 128 (male) taxi drivers and 127 taxi passengers (58 male=MP and 69 female=FP), in the age range from 18 to 65 years (M=32.5 years, SD=9.1), chosen by convenience at taxi ranks in the Polokwane Mankweng area in the Limpopo Province.
Results indicated that the mean trauma events experienced was 3.24 (SD=1.8). The two major traumatic events experienced were witnessing serious injury or death and physical assault. Almost a third of the taxi drivers and 15 percent of the taxi passengers (20% men and 10% women) had experienced a serious accident.
There were no significant differences regarding the number of trauma events experienced between taxi drivers and taxi passengers.
However, men reported to have experienced significantly more traumatic events than women. PTSD symptoms were found to be associated with the number of traumatic events experienced, being female, having suffered from a physical injury during the event, and life threat during the traumatic event. A current PTSD rate of 8, 2 percent was found among the total sample.
The major traumatic events experienced in this group with PTSD were physical assault with weapon, followed by serious accident, physical assault without weapon, witness to serious injury or death, serious physical injury and adult sexual assault. In this community sample of taxi drivers and passengers, a high rate of traumatic events and also PTSD was experienced, which calls for preventive measures and primary care.
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