n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Employer-on-employee violence : type V workplace violence

Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



The objective of this research is to present Type V workplace violence as an additional typology to the existing four types of workplace violence, namely Type I (stranger), Type II (client/customer), Type III (worker) and Type IV (relationship). This research focused on employers as perpetrators of Type V workplace violence. Type V workplace violence is defined as any form of soft or extreme physical or non-physical violence committed by an employer, which directly or indirectly affects his or her employee or employees in a negative way. Type V workplace violence occurs more often in workplaces that are private and far removed from public scrutiny. Farming and domestic workplaces in South Africa are cited in this research as typical examples of Type V workplace violence localities. The research concludes that Type V workplace violence is a reality that researchers cannot ignore.

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