n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Why do drinking and driving prevention programmes fail?

Volume 18, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



This review analyses, reconstructs and illustrates in great detail the reasons why drinking and driving prevention programmes fail. It demonstrates that the reasons are extremely complex, involving many factors that need to be addressed in the formulation, adoption, and adaptation of drinking and driving prevention programmes. From this review, critical factors that can help support the rational development of effective drinking and driving prevention programmes and several implications that are pertinent to programme design and implementation can be engendered. Almost unanimously, researchers contend that prevention programmes should: take into consideration the normative and cultural milieu in which drinking and driving occurs, should reach all youth, and should be introduced early prior to the development of a drinking and driving behavioural repertoire. Programmes should be comprehensive in addressing the broader correlates of drinking and driving behaviour, should reflect real-life situations, should be linked to a theory while combining didactic and experiential approaches. They should be developed, implemented and evaluated by the target group, and should consider the environment that shapes drinking and driving behaviour more carefully, while media messages should not send glamorous messages about alcohol as that encourages young people to use alcohol and consequently to drink and drive. This review has rekindle as its aim to a renaissance of thought in drinking and driving programme development which has implications for policy-makers, programme planners, academics, and practitioners in the field of alcohol and traffic safety in terms of policy formulation, programme development, curriculum development, and service delivery respectively. The information provided will hopefully enhance coherence, direction and focus in the area of alcohol and traffic safety.

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