n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - A critical view on HIV / AIDS in South African prisons within the framework of the Dublin Declaration on HIV / AIDS in prisons

Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



The Dublin Declaration on HIV / AIDS in prisons was launched on 23 February 2004. It originated from the fact that HIV / AIDS has become a serious problem within prison populations across Europe and Central Asia. However, the problem is not confined to the geographical regions mentioned above. South Africa faces its own challenges as far as HIV / AIDS in prisons is concerned. Each prison system in the world today should have mechanisms in place to deal with this very important question. The Dublin Declaration on HIV / AIDS in prisons is a research-based working document that could form the cornerstone for action from the side of correctional authorities the world over. In this article HIV / AIDS in South African prisons is discussed, while the guidelines of the Dublin Declaration are utilised to measure and describe the general performance of the South African correctional system in the area of HIV / AIDS. The prevention of HIV transmission in prisons is not the main goal of the discussion, but dealing with HIV prevalence through measures of harm reduction is a reality that needs to be considered much more seriously within the corrections environment. Therefore, the article also focuses on the importance of harm reduction practices, while areas earmarked for improved performance are emphasised.

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