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n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Deviant driving behaviour - an epidemiological study
Analogous to the nature, extent and characteristics of various forms of physical illness, deviant driving behaviour is viewed as a contemporary epidemiological phenomenon that calls for a causal inquiry into the underlying conditions or problems responsible for its ongoing frequency. Apart from traditional sociological theories such as Merton's strain theory and Sutherland's theory of differential association which explain how to prevent and control the factors giving rise to non-conformist (deviant) driving behaviour, alternative theorists like Howard Becker (labelling theory) and Vold (conflict theory), also seem to provide appropriate orientations to addressing the deviant driving phenomenon.
Having relied on non-probability sampling procedures, 722 observations forthcoming from self-report surveys were secured. Seven statistical scales were arbitrarily created to ease analysis of data. Cronbach's coefficient Alpha (a) was utilised to account for internal consistency of scales. Data was processed by means of ANOVA and Pearson's Chi-square computations.
Findings indicate that gender is an important predictor of deviant driving behaviour. Male respondents report the highest scores of aggressive, and females the highest scores of anxious driving behaviour. Racial differences also exist in respect of deviant driving behaviour. As far as occupation is concerned, professional drivers do not only figure predominantly in offensive driving behaviour, but are also involved in aggressive driving behaviour. Aggressive and anxious driving behaviour show no significant differences in relation to formal driver training. When cross-correlated with informal driver training, only Chi-square computations show significant differences in relation to aggressive driving behaviour. However, both ANOVA and Chi-square computations reveal significant differences between informal driver training and anxious driving behaviour. Data suggests a re-definition of both learner and driver training and testing. The institution of driver training academies across the country would do much to alleviate the road carnage on South Africa's roads.
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