oa Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Social control and punishment of young offenders in Malawi

Volume 2, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



Juvenile justice systems on the one hand, has a ""treatment"" oriented caring perspective on juvenile crime, which emphasises the necessity for setting up reformatories and other training establishments for young offenders, geared towards making them useful citizens rather than punishing them for their past offences. On the other hand, the implementation of such a caring philosophy is largely through impersonal and brutal bureaucracies or guarded sanctuaries such as approved schools and borstal institutions, which combine guidance with firmness and restraint.

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