Within the 'victimisation perspective', which considers crime to be an event rather than an act, particular emphasis is placed on community response to the threat of crime (Lewis 1981). Organisations and voluntary associations are encouraged to combine individual efforts and respond collectively to prevent and control crime.
Although psychologists have been doing forensic work since the beginning of this century, the impact of their contribution towards the legal process has only been fully realised during the past three decades.
This article is a continuation of one with a similar title which appeared in ACTA CRIMINOLOGICA, vol.2, I no. 1, 1989. The latter dealt with a theoretical exposition of the road users' perception of traffic situations: and collisions.
Crime investigation implies that it is the duty and responsibility of the investigator to identify the alleged transgressor and to prove his involvement in the unlawful act beyond all reasonable doubt.
A study of literature on marital violence reveals that many misconceptions, myths and stereotypes prevail amongst the general public, as well as professional people, concerning wife battering. This impedes effective and essential aid to these women.
Various theoretical constructs have thus far been proposed by criminologists and other social scientists to explain the emergence of prison subcultures as well as the conflict between its normative content and that of the norms and values of the institution.