n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Poor infrastructure as an inhibiting factor in the implementation of sector policing at Calcutta police station in the Bushbuck Ridge local municipality

Volume 20, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



This study was conducted at Calcutta Police Station, which is situated at Mkhuhlu Township within the Bushbuck Ridge Local Municipality. Since sector policing was implemented in South Africa, nothing has been written about the challenges the police in rural areas are faced with when it comes to the implementation thereof. The Draft National Instruction of 2003 is the guideline document for the members of the South African Police Service (SAPS), but it fails to outline how sector policing can be implemented in rural areas. It is easy to talk about sector policing in urban areas but the same cannot be said of rural areas. The National Instruction on sector policing appears to be more urban friendly instead of taking an approach which balances the scales between urban and rural communities. The Calcutta case study aims to discover the challenges that the SAPS management was confronted with in the introduction of sector policing. In this regard, the poor road infrastructure is one aspect that has not received proper attention. It is clear that when a policing strategy is implemented, this should not be based on the experience of only one country that has successfully implemented it. South Africa is a diverse country with the majority of the population living in rural areas. The Japanese have successfully implemented sector policing, inter alia, because they drew a clear distinction between policing in rural areas and policing in urban areas. Through understanding that the situation in urban areas is not the similar to that in rural areas, the Japanese were able to foster a close relationship between the police and the community, thus contributing to strong social harmony. Therefore, it is important that whenever municipalities draw up their Integrated Development Plans (IDPs), they should consult with the police service because there could be certain obstacles in the way of service delivery. The police service is an agency that has been established in terms of the Constitution to combat crime. Therefore, other government agencies should assist the police in carrying out its mandate by ensuring that their services are aligned with the total strategy of the government.

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