n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Piracy and maritime terrorism : is South Africa ready to deal with these challenges?
|Article Title||Piracy and maritime terrorism : is South Africa ready to deal with these challenges?|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Author||Moses Montesh and Gusha Ngantweni|
|Publication Date||Jan 2010|
|Pages||126 - 139|
|Issue||Special Edition 1|
|Keyword(s)||University of South Africa|
Piracy off the coast of Somali has been a threat to international shipping since the beginning of Somalia's civil war in the 1990s. With the chaotic state of Somalia and the lack of a central government, combined with Somalia's location in a volatile Horn of Africa region, conditions were ripe for the growth of piracy in the early 1990s. Since the collapse of the state, boats illegally fishing in Somali waters became a common sight. Initially the pirates were interested in securing the waters before businessmen and militias became involved. Acts of piracy temporarily subsided following the rise of the Islamic Courts Union in 2006. In the wake of South Africa having hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the stability and the growth of most of the economies in Southern Africa, the question to ask, is: "Is South Africa and the whole region of the Southern African Development Community(SADC) ready to deal with the challenge of maritime terrorism?"
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