n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - The transitional period from a juvenile institution to an adult prison : the journey continues
|Article Title||The transitional period from a juvenile institution to an adult prison : the journey continues|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 South African Parliament and 2 University of South Africa|
|Publication Date||Jan 2014|
|Pages||96 - 106|
|Issue||Special Edition 2|
|Keyword(s)||Juvenile crime in South Africa|
A substantial number of young people are involved in crime in South Africa. This is supported by statistics from the Department of Correctional Services which indicate that 31137 young people were serving prison sentences in South African Correctional centres (Department of Correctional Services statistics 2011). While their management as juveniles and efforts to address their criminal behaviour is more effective whilst they are detained as juveniles, the problem arises when the majority will have to be transferred from juvenile facilities to adult centres when they turn twenty-one in order to continue their incarceration. This transition has a number of challenges both for these young people and the Department of Correctional Services. Young people are confronted with a number of challenges such as HIV/AIDS, gangs, sodomy and rape, in overcrowded adult correctional facilities. The Department of Correctional Services (DCS) encounters problems in assisting young people to adjust to this transition and protecting these young people from assault and abuse by older inmates. This article highlights the process and challenges faced by young people during their transfer to adult correctional facilities.
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