n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Community supervision of offenders released on full parole/remission of sentence in Namibia : translating policy into effective implementation
|Article Title||Community supervision of offenders released on full parole/remission of sentence in Namibia : translating policy into effective implementation|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 Namibian Correctional Service|
|Publication Date||Jan 2015|
|Pages||114 - 131|
|Issue||Special Edition 1|
|Keyword(s)||Community supervision, Community Supervision Framework, Conditional release, Namibian Correctional Service, Offender and Reintegration|
The implementation of the Correctional Service Act, Act No. 9 of 2012 in January 2014 in Namibia, resulted in greater numbers of offenders requiring supervision following early release on full parole or remission of sentence as compared to before, when only certain classes of offenders could be released on full parole and where release on remission of sentence required no supervision. As a result, the Namibian Correctional Service needed to design tools to better supervise and manage offenders on early release and motivate them to reintegrate into society. The Namibian Correctional Service needed a mechanism to allocate scarce supervision resources across large populations of offenders in such a manner that funds would not be wasted by distributing resources evenly over a population of offenders that presents an uneven risk profile. This could cause some offenders to be 'over-supervised', while others to be 'under-supervised' and as such, resulting in decreased public safety. In its endeavour to efficiently conduct Community Supervision, the Namibian Correctional Service devised a plan to deliver Community Supervision in the most efficient manner without compromising on public safety. The focus of available resources on offenders and areas where they were most likely to have a positive impact, was one of the strategies explored by the Namibian Correctional Service to create a viable Community Supervision approach in Namibia. However, various other strategies were identified. This article highlights some of these strategies. Furthermore, the article considers how the Namibian Correctional Service could further ensure the effective implementation of its new Community Supervision approach.
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