n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Implementation of the Offender Risk Management Correctional Strategy (ORMCS) : from a punitive to a rehabilitative approach

Special Edition 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



For many years, the Namibian Correctional Service (NCS) has been implementing modern correctional reforms that are intended to reposition the NCS away from punitive approaches and toward reintegration of offenders into the community. Foremost among these reforms has been implementation of an Offender Risk Management Correctional Strategy (ORMCS), an approach that alters day-to-day management of offenders in fundamental ways. The ORMCS has led to practical and pervasive differences in how staff members work and the way the organisation 'thinks about' and reacts to offender risks and needs. This article highlights ways by which the ORMCS has changed the working methods and approaches of correctional staff, and reports on how offenders are benefiting from these changes. Critical and sequential aspects of both the new Case Management process and the Unit Management structure within the NCS are described, compared and contrasted. Discussions of some of the challenges that were overcome, as well as some of the remaining challenges were also included. Attention is drawn to how the NCS has operationalised the concept of 'rehabilitation' in an African context with the hope that information here will be valuable to other correctional practitioners in Africa inspired to adopt the same or similar strategy.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error