n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Community punishment orders as a non-custodial sentencing option : the British experience
|Article Title||Community punishment orders as a non-custodial sentencing option : the British experience|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Author||C. Cilliers and J. Smit|
|Publication Date||Jan 2008|
|Pages||109 - 124|
The theory behind the implementation of community service work is to fulfil three penal philosophies of punishment, reparation and reintegration. In other words, community service sentencing should be a sentence in its own right and not be used as a tool to reduce prison overcrowding. The scope of this research was a critical comparison of the sentencing methods, implementation and administration of Community punishment orders (CPOs), as applied in England and Wales with community services orders as applied in South Africa. Statistical data relating to the different types of offences for which offenders are sentenced to these types of orders are analysed. A comparison is also made between the gender and age groups of offenders, as well as the number of hours that these offenders need to do unpaid work within the community as part of their sentence. Lastly, to obtain a holistic view, the reconviction rates of offenders sentenced to community orders are analysed.
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