n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - The potential of spatial technology and multi-land use classes as a crime management strategy

Volume 21, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



This article introduces remote sensing technology integrated with geographic information systems (GIS) that are overlaid with geo-coded crime data to provide a spatial technological basis to illustrate the potential thereof as a crime management strategy. The environment can play a significant role in influencing perceptions of safety. While certain environments can create feelings of safety, others can induce fear, even in areas where levels of crime are not high. In this regard, spatial technology integrated into a Crime Prevention Through Planning and Design (CPTED) strategy can be used to create important information layers during planning and design to enhance feelings of safety in areas where people feel vulnerable. Moreover, a spatial-technological basis will assist more in efficient analysis and understanding of crime within a specific area and, therefore, facilitate the management of crime more strategically and efficiently. Spatial analysis techniques, such as hot spot analysis or geo-profiling, can aid tremendously in these efforts. Because they allow visual depiction of observations by place and time, social facts can be mapped along with individual criminal events or crime rates in order to assess relationships between these facts and crime. The methodology applied in this article requires a multi-skilled resource consisting of remote sensing, GIS and the understanding of the relevance of the ecological dynamics of crime to allow the diverse scientific fields to be integrated into a consolidated process that can contribute to the combating of crime in general.

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