n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Internationales Handbuch der Kriminologie, Vol. 1 & 2, Hans Joachim Schneider (Ed.) : book review

Volume 23, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



International criminology has made great progress in the past fifty years. From a dependent auxiliary branch of science (oriented towards applied criminal law and towards forensic psychiatry), it has developed into an independent psychosocial discipline. This development has been pushed forward and has been documented internationally, especially in North American, and since 2000, in European criminology and victimology conferences. The editor of this handbook has served this development well as observer, contributor and organiser. He belongs to the great masters of criminology in Germany. His most important contribution is that he served as a bridge between North America and Europe in the development of criminology, integrating those parts that have proven most productive for the science. The development of criminology is a process of moving from the old fashioned offender as a psychopath, and from the (overridden) a-theoretical, multi-factorial approach, to the theoretical understanding of cognitive-social learning of becoming an offender as well as becoming a victim. It reaches from a purely offender-oriented criminology to the contemporary social-psychological, tripartite approach encompassing society, offender and victims.

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