n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - A review of the practical potential of South African criminology
|Article Title||A review of the practical potential of South African criminology|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 University of South Africa|
|Publication Date||Jan 2013|
|Pages||136 - 146|
|Keyword(s)||Contemporary criminology, Criminological foci, Criminology in practice and Traditional criminology|
In South Africa, as is the case internationally, Criminology as a discipline has changed amidst timorously political, economic and social changes that brought about many interdisciplinary convergences. This diversion is characterised by some criminologists as '21st Century Criminology'. South African Criminology has overcome a rigid history and tense competition between the legal reformists, nationalists and critical criminologists. These sub-discipline foci have survived and been substituted by a more multidisciplinary practical field. Modern Criminology embraces a mixture of criminological theories, and crime phenomena which are debated and applied by criminologists within the South African criminal justice system and private sectors. Criminological involvement and contributions are seen (in amongst other fields, but not limited to) within the criminal justice sector, the private sphere and even in the public health domain. This article outlines the evolution of a traditional Westernised Criminology that has progressed to a uniquely practiced science with much to offer in contemporary South Africa. It claims a unique criminological focus (specific focal points) that is associated with specialised assessments, analyses, and explanations appropriate to practice.
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