n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - The scaffolding of police corruption prevention in Ethiopia and South Africa
|Article Title||The scaffolding of police corruption prevention in Ethiopia and South Africa|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and 2 University of South Africa|
|Publication Date||Jan 2014|
|Pages||114 - 128|
|Keyword(s)||Corruption, Democracy, Police, Prevention, Professionalism and Structural mechanisms|
Corruption in all its facets can undermine democratic stability in any country. With reference to the sphere of public policing, the specific features of policing make corruption an occupational hazard; a fact not limited to Africa only, but is endemic the world over. The increased emphasis placed internationally and especially in Africa, on the need to root out corruption, underpins the need for the improvement of professional conduct by police officials. The police in South Africa and Ethiopia are challenged on various levels to effectively deal with corruption in the very agencies which are constitutionally mandated to protect and serve their citizens. The research question which underpins this article is the extent to which structural mechanisms are in place to deal with corruption in Ethiopia and South Africa. This analysis will be utilised to make recommendations on caveats which should be adhered to, in order to strengthen the barricade against police corruption and allow a strategy to develop for the combating of corruption. This study utilises a comparative perspective of questioning the measures which are in place to enhance accountability, build a culture of police integrity and promote community mobilisation and is descriptive in nature. The design of the study is parallel and the data sources used are official and research-based documentation which speak to the elements of professionalism in terms of corruption in each country. A researcher indigenous to each country collected the data, thus ensuring cultural contextualisation and overcoming the language barrier. This article examines the strengths and weaknesses in the corruption prevention scaffolding in each democracy, identifies ways in which these might be strengthened and determines whether the lessons learned are transferable from one to the other.
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