n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Polish police officers' perceptions on community policing : the ambivalent force : a study amongst a group of Polish police officers

Volume 27, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



The article is based on a quantitative research project amongst police officers in Poland. South Africa as well as Poland transformed peacefully from an oppressive to a democratic state. A Likert scale questionnaire was used to collect data on the selected variables as set out in the conceptualisation in the article. Data were analysed using SPSS. Due to relatively low responses in the intervals at the extreme ends of the data of the age variable, some cells contain less than five counts, which made it impossible to use Chi2 in all instances. In certain instances the Chi2 was calculated by adding totals of some cells in the age intervals while in other instances the asymptotic standard error was employed. Polish police officers' perceptions on community policing, crime reduction and transformation were measured. The study experienced some limitations, such as the sample size and the numbers of respondents within certain cells of the age intervals. These will be discussed at the end of the article. One of the major outcomes of the research is that respondents have given 'not sure' as a response in an extraordinary proportion. This ambivalent character is probably the most significant finding of the research.

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