n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Crime prevention at local level in South Africa : challenges regarding the implementation of community safety forums
|Article Title||Crime prevention at local level in South Africa : challenges regarding the implementation of community safety forums|
|© Publisher:||Criminological and Victimological Society of Southern Africa (CRIMSA)|
|Journal||Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology|
|Affiliations||1 Tshwane University of Technology and 2 Tshwane University of Technology|
|Publication Date||Jan 2015|
|Pages||109 - 127|
|Keyword(s)||Community safety, Crime prevention, Local level policing and Safety forums|
This article investigates the challenges regarding the implementation of crime prevention strategies at a local level in the two provinces of South Africa. It assesses the implementation of Community Safety Forums policy in the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces. The article also examines the differences between policy provisions (rhetoric) and implementation (actualisation) thereof. It further identifies a couple deviations from policy provisions that can negatively affect the implementation of the policy. If these deviations are left unattended, might even result in the policy failing to deliver for what it was designed. Some observed disconnection between policy provisions and implementation that impacted negatively in the process of implementation was that the policy provides that a Member of the Executive Council responsible for policing, in consultation with the Mayor are supposed to establish a Community Safety Forums. This provision was not followed because the initiation and establishment of these forums was done by Department of Community Safety and Liaison. The policy also provides that Community Safety and Liaison must establish an Intergovernmental forum that will facilitate the involvement of different role-players in the implementation of Community Safety Forums and ensure that these forums are implemented successfully. The Community Safety and Liaison did not adhere to this policy provision and such deviation from the policy provision impacted negatively on the implementation because other leading departments such as Department of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs and South African Local Government Association did not participate in the implementation process. The policy also makes a provision for the financing of the implementation of Community Safety Forums. This must be done by both Community Safety and Liaison, as well as municipalities. The implementation of Community Safety Forums were not financed by either of these government institutions hence the forums had no infrastructure and those involved in the implementation were not trained. These disconnections have negative impact on the implementation of this Crime Prevention Policy. Such impact if not attended to might result into the policy failing to achieve its intended aims. The article utilised a sample of 16 participants from the two identified provinces.
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