n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - : the temporal variation of crime in Tshwane, South Africa

Volume 28, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



The temporal variation of crime has been a subject of much interest to criminologists, crime analysts, criminal investigators and crime researchers for a number of years. In South Africa, however, studies investigating the temporal variation of crime are in their infancy. Whilst a plethora of studies theorise crime in the country and identify a number of neighbourhood level risk factors for crime, few, if any, are based on spatio-temporal empirical evidence. This study investigates the temporal variations of four categories of crime in Tshwane, South Africa: contact crime, contact-related crime, property crime and crime dependent on police for detection (CHDPD), across four different temporal resolutions: season, month, day, and hour. Crimes across all categories tend to peak at certain times of the day, month and season, most notably in December and on Friday and Saturday evenings. Property crime also exhibits a noticeable increase in the early mornings. The article concludes with implications and policy recommendations.

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