The eminent French sociologist Emile Durkheim stated nearly a hundred years ago that crime promotes social solidarity in a community as a result of its members joining forces to fight a common threat. Many social scientists have subsequently questioned this view. They contend that the heterogeneity of modem urban populations, in particular, and the geographic mobility that is experienced today are not conducive to the formation of a unified response to crime.
The United Nations mandate to deal with the issue of crime prevention and improve criminal justice is rooted in the UN Charter, which expresses the organisation's aim to safeguard universal values, including the protection of life, health and security of all people.
Vehicular movement is vital to the national economy, small wonder then that Holden (1986:21) descriptionbed the highway as the lifeline of the nation. Almost overnight the urban black taxi appeared on the transport and criminological scene, and it was soon apparent that this phenomenon was possessed of sociological, cultural, political, economical and legal dimensions.
Before science interested itself in criminality, the criminal and the prevention of crime, Plato and Aristotle, of Ancient Greece, debated the connection between rich and poor and theft while later on Thomas Moros, of Aquino, gave us a vision of a well-ordered state in the Utopia.
Vandalism is a phenomenon that has been known to man throughout the ages. Despite the fact that vandalism is not a new phenomenon its definition is problematic and scientific knowledge about it is limited.
Much has been said about and written on the need and necessity for and value of support services for victims of crime. The question which is being asked, is: What is being done for the victims in South Africa and of what value is it to them?