oa Crime Research in South Africa - Community policing in the Vaalrand
The South African Police Services were institutionalised on 1 April 1913. For the next eighty years, the South African Police played a primary role in upholding apartheid (Fourie 1998:166). The Police became a symbol of oppression for the greater part of the community as the strategy of the police was characterised by a strong emphasis on the military style of policing (Stevens & Yach 1995:2). New reforms, which had a major influence on the police, were introduced in the early 1990's. The outcome of the Democratic elections of 27 April 1994, created a demand for fundamental reassessment of policing in South Africa. This resulted in removing the top structure of the "deadwood" which meant replacing officials who resisted reform, with more enlightened managers. The next major reform was to create a police service instead of a police force (Fourie 1998:168).
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