Crime Research in South Africa - Volume 4, Issue 4, 2001
Volume 4, Issue 4, 2001
Author Lebogang R. MorodiSource: Crime Research in South Africa 4, pp 1 –14 (2001)More Less
When a person commits criminal acts before he/she could be formally arrested is informed of his/her rights to remain silent, and to legal representation. From the law enforcement, the court and the correctional services where such as person is sentenced accorded rights to be treated with human dignity as contained in the Bill of Rights Chapter two.
Author Herman ConradieSource: Crime Research in South Africa 4, pp 1 –15 (2001)More Less
Burgess (1984:1) found that as far back as 1984 as many as 652 000 children (351 000 abused and 329 000 neglected) have been maltreated only in the USA. Sexual exploitation ranked sixth with the result that for this crime alone there were then 44 7000 children at risk every year. She (Burgess 1984:1) contends that, based on the review of victimization records, this figure alone can be five to even ten times greater than the reported figures.
Wyre (1992:236), who has worked with sex offenders since the 1970's, said that one reason why pornography is incredibly dangerous is because in 97 percent of the rape stories in pornography it ends with the women changing her mind and has an orgasm and is being represented as enjoying the rape. The sex offenders use this to justify and legitimise what they do. It also provides them with an excuse for what they are doing.
Author Thabo MofommeSource: Crime Research in South Africa 4, pp 1 –15 (2001)More Less
Mr Adriaan Vlok, who was the Minister of Law and Order during the apartheid years, indicated that fragmented and ad hoc efforts to address serious crimes are futile and pointless. He already indicated that there was a need for an integrated approach to solving problems of crime and lawlessness.
High levels of crime and violence are no longer tolerated in South Africa. The government has shown its commitment to dealing with this by coming up with a strategy which views crime as a social phenomenon which cannot be handled only through policing.
Author Karen MullerSource: Crime Research in South Africa 4, pp 1 –13 (2001)More Less
Traditional accusatorial courtroom procedures act against eliciting complete evidence from children. This has been highlighted in a number of studies which were conducted to investigate the effect on children of testifying in court. Hill and Hill (1987:814-5) conducted an experiment on the effect which the courtroom has on children's ability to recall. A group of children were allowed to view the videotape of an incident. The following day the children were interviewed about the contents of the videotape. Half of the children were interviewed in a courtroom and the other half in a private room. The results clearly indicated that the children who were interviewed in the private room related more central items in free recall, answered specific questions more often and said "I don't know' or gave no answer significantly less often than the children questioned in the courtroom.