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- Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies
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- Volume 18, Issue 1, 2004
Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies - Volume 18, Issue 1, 2004
Volume 18, Issue 1, 2004
Author Keyan G. TomaselliSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 1 –6 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 1 Transformation ransformation of the South African M e d i a Keyan G. Tomaselli+ International Seminars on the Political Economy of the Southern African Media held in 1996, 2000 and 2002 marked significant moments in the trajectory of (Southern) African media scholarship. The first was "Identities, Democracy, Culture and Communication in Southern Africa", funded by Media, Culture and Society and the University of Oslo (cf. Teer-Tomaselli and Roome 1997; Hall 1997). The later seminars were hosted jointly by the Graduate Programme in Cultural and Media Studies (CCMS) of the University of Natal, Durban, the World Association for Christian ..
Transforming state owned enterprises in the Global Age : lessons from broadcasting and telecommunications in South AfricaAuthor Ruth Teer-TomaselliSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 7 –41 (2004)More Less
The study documents and analyzes the restructuring and transformation of South African broadcasting and telecommunications sector, in the light of two parallel trends: <ul> <li>The globally-apparent challenges to the sector; and</li> <li> The impact of the neo-liberal agenda on the part of the South African government towards the 'structuring' of state-owned enterprises. </li> <ul/> <br>The 'crises' in public broadcasting and telecommunications sectors internationally are well documented. Globalisation, technological advances including digitalisation, convergence of both platforms and content, extreme financial constraint, and the attendant processes accompanying them are usually cited as the mainsprings of the predicament. In South Africa there is the added complication of political and social restructuring, following a change of government and the movement towards transformation from 1994. <br>In the era of globalisation, the nation-state, far from becoming irrelevant, has become a key player in driving the project of neoliberalism, reform and restructuring. To meet the challenges of the global economy, 'neo-liberal' governments, including South Africa, have pursued a dual strategy of both rolling back the state, while being more centralised and directive. Typically, the state has restructured itself by concentrating on those departments most closely connected to the global economy, particularly those attached to Departments of finance and trade. At the second level, 'state assets' are reassessed in the light of their potential for self-sustenance, or even commercial profit. Public utilities, such as telecommunications and broadcasting, power supply and public transport, are particularly susceptible to 'restructuring', 'commercialisation' and 'privatisation'. South African 'State Owned Enterprises' provide a salient case in point. <br>The public broadcaster, the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), and the public telecommunications provider, Telkom, have been undergoing various moves towards both transformation and restructuring since 1993. Some of these changes are in line with similar movements in broadcasters and telecoms throughout the world, including adjustments to the management structures and more efficient approaches to business; while others are directed towards satisfying the social and economic imperatives of a changing society, specifically the almost revolutionary change in content and programming.
More media for Southern Africa? The place of politics, economics and convergence in developing media densityAuthor Guy BergerSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 42 –75 (2004)More Less
In line with global trends, media in Southern Africa in the past decade has been moving slowly towards mergers, partnerships and multi-platform publishing. Driven by politics and facilitated by technology, the process has had to confront the difficulty of establishing viable economic models, the lack of regional integration within Southern African countries, and what is sometimes a difficult political environment. Markets remain largely national or local and economically weak. Print media faces huge hurdles. Broadcast media density is improving, partly through noncommercial mechanisms. News websites are understaffed, lacking in viable survival strategies and skills, and are incompletely integrated with parent media platforms. Economic pressures, however, are likely to force Southern African media operations into greater synergies in search of survival. The various convergences entailed may increase media density.
Balancing acts : vocational training versus academic education in the context of Media and Communication StudiesAuthor Danie JordaanSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 76 –91 (2004)More Less
This article reflects on curriculum change in SA Higher Education Institutions, arguing that the transformation of SA Higher Education involves far more than restructuring the institutional landscape in terms of its "size and shape", or changing the demographics of students and staff at individual institutions. Within the South African context (as elsewhere), curricular change is strongly influenced by political and economic reform, causing resentment among academics that favour gradual change informed by "internal" or discipline-based considerations. The author explores how these "external" forces impact on curriculum transformation, tracing as example the development of the University of Port Elizabeth's BA in Media, Communication and Culture.
Author Lynette SteenveldSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 92 –115 (2004)More Less
The change from an Apartheid state to a liberal democratic one has wrought many changes at all levels of South African society: the economic, social, political, cultural. This paper explores the impacts of these changes on the South African print media industry, with a view to assessing their contribution to the development of a democratic citizenship. While acknowledging the constraining effects of economic structures of ownership, the paper locates these within the broader social and political context of post-apartheid South Africa. It thus attempts to synthesise elements of both a political economy and cultural approach to the analysis of cultural production.
Author Lee ArtzSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 116 –146 (2004)More Less
The startling success of Disney animation prompts the perspective for this essay, which explores both a political-economic and cultural studies approach. Understanding Disney animation helps clarify the intimate relationship between ideology and socio-economic practice, (Ricker, 1996; Wasko, 2001). Investigating the construction, content, and persuasive efficacy of animated Disney films reveals that Disney consistently and intentionally selects themes in its commodities-asanimated features that promote an ideology useful to Disney and capitalist society, but at odds with democratic, creative communities. Of course, valid arguments may be made that audiences construct their own varied meanings, often in contradiction to those intended by the producer, but this essay is concerned primarily with the content of the messages constructed and distributed from the entertainment producer, because of Disney's standing in popular culture. Moreover, because social groups use "mass-mediated 'words and images' to create and sustain social relations" (Ricker, 1996, p. 42), in a society ostensibly committed to democracy, it is particularly unsettling to find that Disney's animated features simultaneously soften and distribute messages of class hierarchy and anti-social hyper-individualism.
Author Kristin Skare OrgeretSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 147 –162 (2004)More Less
The article aims to open up a theoretical space where the nation building project's inherent contradictions can thrive, making it possible to see the construction of a new South Africa as a dialectical area of both converging and diverging processes. Using the national broadcaster South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) and the frequently used discourse of African renaissance as its central examples, the article argues that both processes of nation building and tendencies of globalisation must be seen as multidirectional processes to allow for a more consistent picture. Both the SABC and the current discourse of African renaissance are influenced by unifying and dividing processes.
Author Jonathan JansenSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 163 –169 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 163 Intellectuals Under Fire Jonathan Jansen+ The nation is awash in 'ten years of democracy' celebrations and, perhaps predictably in an election year, the ruling party has ensured that the enormous accomplishments of 'the rainbow people of God' cover all fronts and are attributed to this act of covering that conceals the disturbing ferment percolating wildly just below the thin surface membrane of our young democracy. I speak of the unprecedented attacks on intellectuals, the widespread self-censorship among the black elite, the quiet but effective ways of silencing dissent - and the uncritical reflections on what this might mean ..
Author Tawanda RunhareSource: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 170 –173 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 170 Book Review Participation articipation and P Power ower ower, Civic Education Network, Harare, African Community Publishing and Development T Trust, rust, 1998 Tawanda Runhare+ Most governments neglect civic education, especially in developing countries. In contrast, non-governmental pressure groups have contributed to civic education in Zimbabwe. This is evidenced by the publication of Participation and Power whose running theme is the preservation of human rights by civil society. The book is an advocacy for civil society's consciousness on and involvement in civic issues that affects daily life. Participation and Power effectively reveals the meaning of democracy at both micro ..
Source: Critical Arts : A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 18, pp 174 –181 (2004)More Less
Extracted from text ... 174 Book Notes Book Notes Cinema and Culture: Independent Film in the United States, 1980-2001. E. Deidre Pribran, New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 2002, pp. 305 Contemporary independent American and non American films in the United States have emerged as a distinct system of representation formulated in the expanse between principles of Hollywood popular film and alternative cinematic practices. Cinema & Culture considers independent film as an industry, a set of institutions, a discursive formation, and a specific series of texts. Investigating the consumption side of the spectrum (distribution, reception, textual analysis), attention is focussed on narrative films released theatrically ..