oa CSIR Science Scope - Optical test and evaluation to grow optics industry : optronics



Modern optical design dates back to the pioneering work of Fraunhofer, Abbe and Zeiss in the 1800s. A thorough mathematical base was developed followed by the development of optical coating techniques in the early 1930s (and the production of anti-reflection coatings on optical surfaces). This latter development is of significant importance as it opened up the possibility for the optical designer to use a multitude of elements in a single optical system. Thereafter, the electronic computer became commercially available and since the 1950s, many software design programs have been developed.


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