oa CSIR Science Scope - Persistent surveillance to protect our waters
South Africa and its surrounding maritime zones are continuously being threatened by activities such as illegal fishing, illegal immigration, smuggling, piracy, terrorism and oil pollution. In most cases, these activities are difficult to observe, as these forces choose to work at night, in bad weather or in deserted places. The country has a 1,5 million square kilometre economic exclusion zone (EEZ), but its naval and coast guard forces available for patrolling this vast area are relatively small considering the area to be secured.
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