oa CSIR Science Scope - Targeting malaria through a multi-faceted approach : health and disabilities
Mosquitoes transmit diseases to more than 700 million people worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that about 40% of the world population are at risk from malaria. Mosquito bites cause more than 300 million acute illnesses and at least one million deaths per year. About 90% of deaths due to malaria occur in Africa and the majority of victims are children under the age of five. The South African Department of Health classifies the provinces of Limpopo, Mpumalanga and northern KwaZulu-Natal, due to their tropical and sub-tropical climate, as malaria endemic areas.
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