oa CSIR Science Scope - Silicosis : dust devil : research in support of the eradication of silicosis : silicosis and noise-induced hearing loss

Volume 4, Issue 3
  • ISSN :



Silicosis, a deadly lung disease, is one of the oldest occupational diseases in the world. It is caused by inhalation of respirable dust (particles less than ten micron) containing free crystalline silica, which is a basic component of many minerals and rocks. South African miners, particularly gold miners, face this lurking danger during underground operations. Gold ore typically contains a lot of quartz, which is the most common form of crystalline silica.

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