CSIR Science Scope - Volume 5, Issue 1, 2010
Volumes & issues
Volume 5, Issue 1, 2010
Sensors take the heat finding decision support solutions for the built environment : service deliverySource: CSIR Science Scope 5 (2010)More Less
Distributed sensor networks are central to effective decision-making for demand management in the built environment. This is the opinion of researchers John Isaac and Dr Barend Taute of the CSIR Meraka Institute; both are involved in discussions regarding the establishment of a joint research group with the University of Pretoria to focus on the potential applications for and impact of distributed sensor networks in South Africa.
CSIR provides support in guiding housing and human settlement investment : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 46 –47 (2010)More Less
Limited resources are available for South Africa's housing needs, while housing development pressures emerge in diverse locations. Human settlement authorities need to make well-informed and justifiable investment choices that will promote the sustainable development of and also redress historical spatial imbalances.
Medium-density mixed housing to support sustainable human settlements : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 48 –49 (2010)More Less
South African cities are characterised by urban sprawl. The predominant typology is one house unit per family per plot, which results in South African cities being among the least dense cities in the world. CSIR researchers set out to identify the benefits of medium-density, mixed housing as an alternative housing solution.
CSIR expertise and technology to impact on low-income, subsidised housing : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 50 –51 (2010)More Less
Dedicated wards for TB patients constructed at nine hospitals : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 52 –53 (2010)More Less
South Africa has insufficient infrastructure to cope with the growing tuberculosis (TB) epidemic, with extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) now adding to increasing numbers of multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) patients. The CSIR has set out to address the lack of appropriate hospital infrastructure to prevent cross-infection - a key constraint in the effective treatment and rehabilitation of patients.
Building performance lab looks at science behind designing future buildings : human settlements, construction and buildingAuthor Mzimasi GcukumanaSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 54 –55 (2010)More Less
The South African architecture sector could be in for an innovative and scientific overhauling following the establishment of a building performance laboratory (BPL) at the CSIR. The aim of the BPL is to assist the professional design and building sectors to generate new concepts and to prototype and test new integrated assemblies to support long-term performance of buildings.
Small clay nanoparticles show big potential in the built environment : human settlements, construction and buildingAuthor Petro LowiesSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 56 –57 (2010)More Less
Intelligent cities : a vision of the future - dream or reality? : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 57 –59 (2010)More Less
Versatile applications of existing technologies hold the promise of intelligent cities in the not-too-distant future. This, according to researchers Drs Ennio Macagnano and Quentin Williams of the CSIR, brings the prospect of independence, mobility and empowerment for inhabitants of and visitors to an urban environment, irrespectively of level of education, culture, age, level of physical ability and language.
Technologies towards a more competitive construction industry : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 60 –61 (2010)More Less
The South African construction industry faces significant challenges to enhance its role as a catalyst for growth. Among the main pressure areas it faces are depletion of resources, increased competition by international enterprises, and the growing demand for increased efficiency.
Natural fibre composites for construction applications : human settlements, construction and buildingSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 62 –63 (2010)More Less
One of the projects that form part of the new strategic investment areas within the CSIR deals with the use of natural fibres in construction products. This initiative seeks to make a meaningful contribution to the concept of bio-based housing. As part of this project, a prototype natural fibre-based insulated sandwiched panel was recently developed at the CSIR under the leadership of Dr Rajesh Anandjiwala. The project has a strong focus on both materials and application-oriented product development.
Satellite technologies to assist in determining the status of informal settlements : human settlements, construction and buildingAuthor Alida BritzSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 64 –65 (2010)More Less
In a project to support the North West Department of Human Settlements to upgrade informal settlements in the province, the CSIR and urban planning consultancy, SATPLAN, joined forces to provide the first ever satellite-derived baseline information on informal settlements in the province of North West.
Author Andre BreytenbachSource: CSIR Science Scope 5, pp 66 –68 (2010)More Less
Eskom's Spot Building Count (SBC), a geo-referenced dwelling or building frame developed by the CSIR using Spot 5 satellite imagery, has potential benefits not only for stakeholders such as Eskom, but also for other organs of state to assist in the improvement of service delivery strategies and decision-making at district or local municipal level.