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- Volume 12, Issue 1, 1998
South African Journal of Cultural History - Volume 12, Issue 1, 1998
Volumes & issues
Volume 12, Issue 1, 1998
Author Dennis RadfordSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 1 –18 (1998)More Less
Wood and iron construction formed a very visible part of many South African cities in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, As such it forms a significant aspect of our early urban heritage. What this article demonstrates is that although the technique was wide spread and well used, official attitudes. that of civil authorities and government agencies, were ambivalent at best and became increasingly antagonistic towards It in the 19th century, Examples from Natal, a stronghold of the technique, are used to support this, One aspect of this attitude has been the continuous systematic destruction of this building stock and an almost complete lack of recognition of its cultural value.
Author S. Marianna BotesSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 19 –45 (1998)More Less
Bloemfontein's well-known Old Presidency Museum, situated in President Brand Street was the third presidential residence to be erected on the site. The imposing Third Presidency, completed in 1886, was occupied by the last three presidents of the republic of the Orange Free State. namely J.IL Brand, F.W. Reitz and M.T. Steyn. As the official presidential residence the Presidency was the social centre of Bloemfontein between 1886 and 1900. Social life and interaction in the so-called Model Republic was informal, easy-going and sociable even at a high level. As a result, the President and his official residence were surprisingly accessible, even to the ordinary citizen. Occasionally receptions of a more formal nature were held at the Presidency, such as state banquets, balls and other functions. On certain festivals or remembrance days, e,g. the president', birthday and Independence Day, a large part of the celebrations would be held at the Presidency. The president's wife acted as hostess, supported by the presidential staff and servants. The social life at the Presidency had a predominantly English character, and Victorian customs were usually followed. Many important visitors, such as Cecil John Rhodes, Sir Alfred Milner and President Kruger visited the presidential residence. Some of them even stayed in the Presidency during their visit to Bloemfontein. The Anglo Boer War and the British occupation of Bloemfontein in March 1900 ended the Free State presidential pair's busy social life.
Author Floris J.G. Van der MerweSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 46 –59 (1998)More Less
The average present-day Afrikaner sees himself as a keen supporter of sport and claims rugby to be part of his own culture, However, the popular sports of today were not initially pan of the Afrikaner culture, One of the findings of a comprehensive investigation into sport and games amongst the Boer prisoners-of-war during the Anglo-Boer War is that the Afrikaner learnt about these activities only during his time in the camps of St. Helena, the Bermuda Islands, Ceylon/Sri Lanka and India. Before the war, sports activities in the Boer Republics were limited to the cities and mines. Not only did the British military play an important role in furthering sport amongst the Boers, but the large number of foreign mercenaries who fought on the side of the Boers and were kept prisoner with them, did likewise. The large number of rural Afrikaners who learnt and mastered these activities in the camps spread their knowledge after the war.
Author H.O. TerblancheSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 60 –74 (1998)More Less
The two local Afrikaans newspapers in Port Elizabeth, namely Die Patriot and Die Oosterlig, played a Significant political and cultural role in the Afrikaans community. Die Patriot, Port Elizabeth's first Afrikaans newspaper, was founded in 1928. 1, Albert Coetzee was the first editor and publisher. The newspaper was the mouthpiece of the National Party. The last edition of Die Patriot was published in 1932, The venture failed mainly because of a lack of capital and subscribers. After various unsuccessful attempts in the early 1930s to establish another Afrikaans newspaper in Port Elizabeth, the moneyed Nasionale Pers founded Die Oosterlig in 1937, It too was the mouthpiece of the National Party in the Eastern Cape, The first editor. J.H.O. du Plessis, was also actively involved with the language and cultural struggle of the Afrikaner in Port Elizabeth.
Author Eliza S. Van EedenSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 75 –89 (1998)More Less
Over the past eighty years mining on the Far West Rand (today partially the Gauteng Province and the North-West Provinces) has had a drastic influence on existing communities. Rapid demographic changes, amongst other things, caused cultural influences to became manifest across the borders of language, race, sex and territory. Besides these changes the development of the mining sector was also a primary motive for the founding of new towns with newly formed communities. The Cultural history of each community was influenced directly or indirectly by mining. Although uniformity in crosscultural patterns in a community prevailed in one area, peculiarities within certain groups in communities studied were also visible and had to be examined. In this discussion the focus is on the Carletonville community, and specifically on the dominating impact of gold mining on the cultural experience of the white residents. In the discussion background is given to the cultural patterns prevailing in the Carletonville area before the establishment of the gold mines; subsequently the influence of mining on the material and spiritual values of its community since the town's foundation in 1948 is discussed critically.
Author Arkadiusz ZukowskiSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 90 –96 (1998)More Less
The largest Polish community on the African continent is to be found in the Republic of South Africa. The biggest influx of Poles to South Africa took place after 1980, while the largest wave of departures occurred during the period between the assassination of Chris Hani and the general election in April 1994. Poles have made their own unique contribution to South African culture and society.
Author André WesselsSource: South African Journal of Cultural History 12, pp 97 –106 (1998)More Less
The annual congress of the South African Society for Cultural History was held on 25 and 26 September 1997 at the Vaal Teknorama Museum in Vereeniging. The theme of the congress was ""Transport: a dynamic cultural phenomenon"". From the seventeen papers that were read during the congress it became clear that transport makes an important contribution towards shaping the spiritual and material world in which we live. The papers dealt with themes such as roads, vehicles, sea transport and military transport, as well as several other topics, including the influence of transport on the written word, the geographical distribution of people, architecture, and agriculture. The congress once again confirmed that cultural history is a comprehensive concept. It is the embodiment of the whole world in which we live; it is by its very nature complex and kaleidoscopic: and it is a discipline that to some extent embraces every aspect of human activity. Cultural history endeavours to give an account of the life experiences of every individual, nation and of the human race, and thus also of our transport vehicles and of transport as a cultural phenomenon. At the end of the congress, Prof. Andre Wessels read the concluding paper (summary). In this article his findings and comment are represented in an adapted form, and a summary of the congress proceedings is given.